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Biblical Greek:Brief Vocabulary

We use several Greek words in our section on Biblical Greek. This page gives the definitions for those words, and links to useful internet pages with much more information.

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Bible Out of Context

Random Quotes from the Bible

But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
KJV: Romans 8:9

However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him.
NASB: Romans 8:9

You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.
NIV: Romans 8:9



...Random blessings from the Word of God...

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Bible Out of Context

Random Quotes from the Bible

   3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
   4According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
KJV: Ephesians 1:3-4

   3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,
   4just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him In love
NASB: Ephesians 1:3-4

   3Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ.
   4For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love
NIV: Ephesians 1:3-4



...Random blessings from the Word of God...

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Bible Out of Context

Random Quotes from the Bible

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.
KJV: Psalms 122:6

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: "May they prosper who love you.
NASB: Psalms 122:6

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: "May those who love you be secure.
NIV: Psalms 122:6



...Random blessings from the Word of God...

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Bible Out of Context

Random Quotes from the Bible

I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
KJV: John 12:46

"I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.
NASB: John 12:46

I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness.
NIV: John 12:46



...Random blessings from the Word of God...

Put His Word in the context of your life!

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Biblical Greek: Vocabulary and Abbreviated Lexicon

This section lists the words encountered in our Biblical Greek study series. The words are listed in their lexical form, although we occasionally list some of the inflections in parentheses.



We will be listing words in the Greek vocabulary in a tabular format. The table will contain the Greek words in a Greek font, along with their transliterated spellings (using the Crosswalk.com and Blueletterbible.org transliteration), links to the Crosswalk and Blue Letter Bible lexicons, definitions, word frequency counts, and Strongs numbers.



Greek
Word
Transliterated Strong's
Number
Crosswalk
Link
Blue
Bible
Link
Word
Count
  Brief Definition
ajgavph agape 26 (27) Crosswalk Blue 116 (116)
  1) brotherly love, affection, good will, love, benevolence
2) love feasts
 
a~ggelo" angelos 32 (34) Crosswalk Blue 186 (175)
  1) a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God
 
ajdelfov" adelphos 80 (81) Crosswalk Blue 346 (343)
  1) a brother, whether born of the same two parents or only of the same father or mother
2) having the same national ancestor, belonging to the same people, or countryman
3) any fellow or man
4) a fellow believer, united to another by the bond of affection
5) an associate in employment or office
6) brethren in Christ
6a) his brothers by blood
6b) all men
6c) apostles
6d) Christians, as those who are exalted to the same heavenly place
 
a[nqrwpo" anthropos 444 (476) Crosswalk Blue 559 (550)
  1) a human being, whether male or female
1a) generically, to include all human individuals
1b) to distinguish man from beings of a different order
1b1) of animals and plants
1b2) of from God and Christ
1b3) of the angels
1c) with the added notion of weakness, by which man is led into a mistake or prompted to sin
1d) with the adjunct notion of contempt or disdainful pity
1e) with reference to two fold nature of man, body and soul
1f) with reference to the two fold nature of man, the corrupt and the truly Christian man, conformed to the nature of God
1g) with reference to sex, a male
2) indefinitely, someone, a man, one
3) in the plural, people
4) joined with other words, merchantman
 
apoqnh/skw apothnesko 599 (633) Crosswalk Blue 112 (111)
  1) to die
1a) of the natural death of man
1b) of the violent death of man or animals
1c) to perish by means of something
1d) of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted
1e) of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell
 
aujtov" autos 846 (899) Crosswalk Blue 5785 (5597)
  1) himself, herself, themselves, itself
2) he, she, it
3) the same
 
ejgwv ego 1473, 1691, 1698, 1700, 2248, 2249, 2254, 2257, 3165, 3427, 3450 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 370, ... (2666)
  1) I, me, my
ejmev eme 1691 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 88 (90)
  1) I, me, myself, etc.
ejmoiv emoi 1698 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 95 (93)
  1) I, me, myself, etc.
ejmou' emou 1700 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 109 (108)
  1) me, my, mine, etc.
hJma'" hemas 2248 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 178 (166)
  1) us, we, our etc.
hJmei'" hemeis 2249 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 126 (127)
  1) us, we etc.
hJmi'n hemin 2254 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 177 (169)
  1) us, we, our
hJmw'n hemon 2257 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 410 (402)
  1) our, we, us
mev me 3165 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 301 (291)
  1) I, me, my, etc.
moiv moi 3427 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 240 (225)
  1) I, me, my
mou' mou 3450 (1609) Crosswalk Blue 587 (564)
  1) I, me, my, of me
 
eujfraivnw
(hujfravnqh)
euphraino 2165 (2370) Crosswalk Blue 14 (14)
  1) to gladden, make joyful
1a) to be glad, to be merry, to rejoice
1b) to rejoice in, be delighted with a thing
 
zw/opoievw zoopoieo 2227 (2443) Crosswalk Blue 12 (11)
  1) to produce alive, begat or bear living young
2) to cause to live, make alive, give life
2a) by spiritual power to arouse and invigorate
2b) to restore to life
2c) to give increase of life: thus of physical life
2d) of the spirit, quickening as respects the spirit, endued with new and greater powers of life
3) metaph., of seeds quickened into life, i.e. germinating, springing up, growing
 
ÔHsai?a" Hesaias 2268 (2480) Crosswalk Blue 21 (22)
  Isaiah = "Jehovah's help"
1) a famous Hebrew prophet who prophesied in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah
 
qeov" theos 2316 (2536) Crosswalk Blue 1343 (1317)
  1) a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
2) the Godhead, trinity
2a) God the Father, the first person in the trinity
2b) Christ, the second person of the trinity
2c) Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
3) spoken of the only and true God
3a) refers to the things of God
3b) his counsels, interests, things due to him
4) whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
4a) God's representative or viceregent
4a1) of magistrates and judges
 
eijmiv eimi 1488, 1498, 1510, 1511, 1526, 2070, 2071, 2252, 2258, 2277, 2468, 5600, 5607 (1639) Crosswalk Blue ..., 146, ... (2462)
  1) to be, to exist, to happen, to be present
ei\ ei 1488 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 92 (92)
  1) you are, thou art
ei]hn eien 1498 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 12 (12)
  1) to be, to exist, to happen, to be present
ei\nai einai 1511 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 126, ... (124)
  1) to be, to exist, to happen, to be present
eijsi eisi 1526 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 163 (157)
  1) are, be, were, etc.
ejsmevn esmen 2070 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 53 (52)
  1) first person plural of "to be"
e[somai
(estai)
esomai 2071 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 188 (118)
  1) future first person singular of "to be"
h[mhn emen 2252 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 16 (15)
  1) truly, assuredly
h\n en 2258 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 457 (315)
  1) I was, etc.
h[tw eto 2277 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 2 (2)
  1) let him (it) be
i[sqi isthi 2468 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 5 (5)
  1) be thou
w\ o 5600 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 66 (2)
  1) be, may be, etc.
w[n on 5607 (1639) Crosswalk Blue 161 (44)
  1) being, etc.
 
ĆIhsou'"
jIhsou'"
Iesous 2424 (2652) Crosswalk Blue 975 (917)
  Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
1) Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
2) Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
3) Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
4) Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
5) Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
 
kaiv kai 2532 (2779) Crosswalk Blue 9251 (9161)
  1) and, also, even, indeed, but
 
metav meta 3326 (3552) Crosswalk Blue 473 (469)
  1) with, after, behind
 
pneu'ma pneuma 4151 (4460) Crosswalk Blue 385 (379)
  1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the "Holy" Spirit)
1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of "Truth")
1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force
2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated
2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides
2b) the soul
3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting
3a) a life giving spirit
3b) a human soul that has left the body
3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel
3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men
3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one
4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.
5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)
5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself
5b) breath of nostrils or mouth
 
oijkiva oikia 3614 (3864) Crosswalk Blue 95 (93)
  1) and, also, even, indeed, but
 
uiJov" huios 5207 (5626) Crosswalk Blue 382 (377)
  1) a son
1a) rarely used for the young of animals
1b) generally used of the offspring of men
1c) in a restricted sense, the male offspring (one born by a father and of a mother)
1d) in a wider sense, a descendant, one of the posterity of any one,
1d1) the children of Israel
1d2) sons of Abraham
1e)) used to describe one who depends on another or is his follower
1e1) a pupil
2) son of man
2a) term describing man, carrying the connotation of weakness and mortality
2b) son of man, symbolically denotes the fifth kingdom in Daniel 7:13 and by this term its humanity is indicated in contrast with the barbarity and ferocity of the four preceding kingdoms (the Babylonian, the Median and the Persian, the Macedonian, and the Roman) typified by the four beasts. In the book of Enoch (2nd Century) it is used of Christ.
2c) used by Christ himself, doubtless in order that he might intimate his Messiahship and also that he might designate himself as the head of the human family, the man, the one who both furnished the pattern of the perfect man and acted on behalf of all mankind. Christ seems to have preferred this to the other Messianic titles, because by its lowliness it was least suited to foster the expectation of an earthly Messiah in royal splendour.
3) son of God
3a) used to describe Adam (Lk. 3:38)
3b) used to describe those who are born again (Lk. 20:36) and of angels and of Jesus Christ
3c) of those whom God esteems as sons, whom he loves, protects and benefits above others
3c1) in the OT used of the Jews
3c2) in the NT of Christians
3c3) those whose character God, as a loving father, shapes by chastisements (Heb. 12:5-8)
3d) those who revere God as their father, the pious worshippers of God, those who in character and life resemble God, those who are governed by the Spirit of God, repose the same calm and joyful trust in God which children do in their parents (Rom. 8:14, Gal. 3:26 ), and hereafter in the blessedness and glory of the life eternal will openly wear this dignity of the sons of God. Term used preeminently of Jesus Christ, as enjoying the supreme love of God, united to him in affectionate intimacy, privy to his saving councils, obedient to the Father's will in all his acts
 
Cristov" Christos 5547 (5986) Crosswalk Blue 569 (529)
  Christ = "anointed"
1) Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
2) anointed
 
wra/ hora 5610 (6052) Crosswalk Blue 108 (106)
  1) a certain definite time or season fixed by natural law and returning with the revolving year
1a) of the seasons of the year, spring, summer, autumn, winter
2) the daytime (bounded by the rising and setting of the sun), a day
3) a twelfth part of the day-time, an hour, (the twelve hours of the day are reckoned from the rising to the setting of the sun)
4) any definite time, point of time, moment
 





Description of Table Headings:

 

Greek Word

This is the Greek word as it appears in the Greek alphabet. To view the Greek alphabet, you will need to install a Greek font on your computer. See our Greek font section for further information.

 

Transliterated

This column lists the Greek word as it is usually listed using characters from the English alphabet. Although the transliterated spelling is useful for introductions to Greek, it is Strongly advised that you learn the actual Greek spellings. Almost all advanced tools, such as concordances, lexicons, and Grammar studies assume a knowledge of the Greek spellings. For example, the word agape in transliterated English is actually based on the following Greek word using the Greek alphabet:


 

Strong's Number

Each Greek word is listed with its corresponding Strong's number. Since most online tools, like Crosswalk and the Blue Letter Bible, use Strong's numbers, this will help you find further information about the word. Some people prefer to use G/K numbers (Goodrick/Kohlenberger) instead of Strong's numbers, which correspond to the updated manuscripts now in use (the manuscripts used to generate the NIV, NASB, and other new translations). The G/K numbers are used in "The Greek English Concordance to the New Testament : With the New International Version" (see our book section). A conversion between G/K numbers and Strong's numbers is found in Mounce's book "The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament". We will occasionally list the G/K number in parenthesis.

Note: Occasionally, a single G/K number corresponds to several Strong's numbers. There are also single Strong's numbers that correspond to several G/K numbers. For the case of a single G/K number with several Strong's numbers, we will list the Greek word corresponding to the single G/K number as the "lexical form". All lexical forms are listed in yellow. Following the lexical listing, we will list the other Strong's variants after the single G/K word.

 

Crosswalk Link

www.Crosswalk.com has a large number of tools on the net for studying God's Word. The tools on the Crosswalk site will be used frequently. The Crosswalk site is also the source of our Interlinear Verse of the Day, and contains the Greek fonts you will need to view the Greek characters. The main Crosswalk site can be reached via the link below:

www.Crosswalk.com

 

Blue Bible Link

The Blue Letter Bible also has a large number of tools on the net for studying God's Word. The Blue Letter Bible is located at www.Blueletterbible.org. The tools at the Blueletterbible site will be used frequently. The main Blueletterbible site can be reached via the link below:

www.Blueletterbible.org

 

Word Count

This is the number of times (in all its tenses, cases, etc.) the word is used in the New Testament. The word count comes from the Crosswalk and Blueletterbible websites. The word count listed in parenthesis comes from Warren Trenchard's book, "Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New Testament". There are 138,162 words in the Greek New Testament (varies a bit, depending on manuscript). If you add all of the word counts for the words listed in the table, and divide by the total number of words, you can get an estimate of the percentage of the New Testament that you can read - a good way to track your progress! The numbers differ, since they use different Greek manuscripts (Trenchard uses the latest corrected UBS 3 version).

 

Definition (Brief)

A brief definition of the word is given in this column. This information is retrieved from the Definition(s) section of the Blueletterbible or Crosswalk lexicons. The definition is not meant to be exhaustive. For in-depth study, I recommend that you consult the online lexicons, or one of the more detailed lexicons available in book form. If you find a more detailed online lexicon in the public domain, I would love to hear about it! The definitions used by Blueletterbible and Crosswalk are based on Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, by Joseph H. Thayer. The "corrected edition" of Thayer's was published in 1889, and is in the public domain.












































































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